ARCHÆ OLOGICAL excavations continue to be carried on with vigour in Ireland through the scheme for the relief of unemployment under the direction of the Office of Public Works and the National Museum. Among the more important of recent discoveries are the antiquities brought to light in the excavation of the large ring fort at Garranes, near Templetown, Co. Cork, which throw a valuable light on the industries and culture of the little-known period of the sixth century of our era. The excavations are being conducted by Prof. Sean P. O'Riordain, professor of archaeology in University College, Cork. The site is identified with Rath Raithleann. The fort has triple ramparts, with an external diameter of about three hundred feet. The entrance proved on excavation, according to a report in The Times of October 18, to be of a complex character, with several gates, of which the fourth and last in the approach to the interior was formed by rows of posts, small tree trunks of six inches in diameter, set in two palisade trenches terminating the middle bank at each side of the opening.