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Sir Harold Carpenter, F.R.S

Nature volume 140, page 675 (16 October 1937) | Download Citation



AT its general meeting in Dusseldorf, Germany, on October 10, the Verein deutscher Eisenhüttenleute awarded its Carl Lueg Gold Medal to Sir Harold Carpenter, while Mr. James Henderson was elected an honorary member of the Association. The Carl Lueg Gold Medal was founded in 1904 to celebrate the uninterrupted period of twenty-five years during which Dr. Carl Lueg had held the presidency of the Association. The last occasion on which the Medal was presented was in 1934, and Sir Harold is the first Englishman to receive the Medal. Sir Harold Carpenter is professor of. metallurgy at the Royal School of Mines, Imperial College of Science and Technology, South Kensington, London. From 1898 until 1901 he was a research fellow and demonstrator of Owens College, Manchester ; in 1901 he was one of the first to join the staff of the newly founded National Physical Laboratory, being appointed head of the Chemical and Metallurgical Departments. From 1906 until 1913 he was professor of metallurgy in the Victoria University, Manchester. Sir Harold's researches have covered a field too wide for individual mention, but reference may be made to his pioneer work on the determination of the freezing point of iron and the complete iron-carbon equilibrium diagram (in collaboration with B. F. E. Keeling), to his investigations on high-speed cutting tools and other special steels, on the growth of cast-iron on repeated heating and on the constitution of alloys and to his classical researches on the growth of single crystals in metals and their properties. Sir Harold is the great-great-grandson of Henry Cort, the inventor of the puddling process and of the use of grooved rolls for rolling metals.

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