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The Retardation of Chemical Reactions


problem of the supply of drinking water A to troops sent to tropical stations was extremely difficult during the early part of the Great War. For removing the excess of chlorine used in sterilizing water, hydrated sodium sulphite was dispatched to places like Basra, Bagdad, etc., where the temperature goes up to 118 ° F. (48 ° C.) in the shade in summer. It frequently happened that by the time the sodium sulphite reached its destination, it was wholly converted by oxidation into sodium sulphate, which was useless as an 'antichlor'. Hence investigations were carried on to discover stabilizing agents or retarders of the oxidation by air of sodium sulphite. Hydro -quinone (quinol) and other organic compounds when added even in traces were effective in preserving sodium sulphite from such oxidation.

The Retardation of Chemical Reactions

By Prof. Kenneth C. Bailey. Pp. viii + 479. (London: Edward Arnold and Co., 1937.) 26s. net.

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DHAR, N. The Retardation of Chemical Reactions. Nature 140, 340–341 (1937).

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