THE Minister of Health, Sir Kingsley Wood, delivered the inaugural address on May 3 at the Empire Conference on the "Care and After-care of the Tuberculous" at Overseas House, St. James's, London. He first reviewed tuberculosis as a cause of mortality in England and Wales. The standardized death-rate from this disease has fallen from 3,638 per million of population in 1851–55 to 687 in 1935 ; nevertheless, tuberculosis in this country still comes next to cancer in the list of killing diseases. Sir Kingsley next dealt with the public provision for the treatment of tuberculosis—29,000 beds in approved institutions—and the amount of expenditure thereon. He commended particularly the value of village settlements for treatment and after-care, and emphasized the importance of the after-care of patients who did not enter a village settlement.