Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The World's Air Altitude Record

Abstract

THE world's air altitude record was regained for Great Britain by the Royal Air Force on June 30, by a flight to an altitude of 53,937 feet (more than ten miles). The previous record of 51,362 feet was held by Lieut.-Colonel Mario Pezzi for Italy, who beat the then British record of 49,944 feet last autumn. The flight was made from the aerodrome of the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, by Flight-Lieut. M. J. Adam, using the Bristol 138 experimental high altitude aircraft. This was the same machine as used by Flight-Lieut. Swain, R.A.F., for the previous record, but was fitted with a special Bristol Pegasus engine. It had various detail improvements as suggested by experience. The pilot wore the actual high-pressure suit that was prepared as a reserve for the previous record flight, with small improvements. These included precautions against 'frosting up' of the Celestroid windows of the headpiece, and an emergency breathing pipe to lead air direct from the outside when necessary, instead of having to slash open the front of the headpiece as did Flight-Lieut. Swain, upon landing, after his flight. The transparent material forming the cabin roof was observed to crack upon reaching an altitude of about 48,000 feet, but this was not serious enough to interfere with the continuation of the flight.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

The World's Air Altitude Record. Nature 140, 56 (1937). https://doi.org/10.1038/140056a0

Download citation

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing