THE sixteenth annual report, covering the period from October 1935 to September 1936, of the British Electrical and Allied Industries Research Association, now usually called E.R.A., has been published. It shows that its research work is rapidly increasing in magnitude and importance. When the formation of research associations in Great Britain was first considered some twenty years ago, their value to industry was considered highly problematical by many. This distrust is now completely dispelled. It can be proved that their work has resulted in the saving of millions of pounds every year to the consumers. In the electrical industry alone it has resulted in a great increase in the continuity of the supply and the length of life of the cables and the efficiency of the lamps.