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Early Man in Java

Nature volume 139, page 294 (13 February 1937) | Download Citation



A COMMUNICATION by Dr. P. V. van Stein Callenfels to the Royal Anthropological Institute, which appears in summary form in Man of December, urges the desirability of reconsidering the age and standing of Pithecanthropus. Dr. Callenfels has classified the fossil fauna of the Java Pleistocene into three groupsearly, middle and late Pleistocene. Among those of the early Pleistocene are Stegodon cf. precursor (between Tertiary prcecursor and Middle Pleistocene trigonocephalus), Hippopotamus antiquus, Leptobos, three antelopes and marine molluscs, of which at least 30 per cent are extinct; Middle Pleistocene Stegodon trigonocephalus, Hippopotamus namadicus, Bos (Bubalus) bubalis palceokarabau, Axis axis lydekkeri (abundant), Duboisia (antelope); Late Pleistocene Stegodon trigonocephalus, Hippopotamus namadicus, Bos (Bubalus) Axis axis lydekkeri (very rare), Axis axis javanicus (abundant).

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