Water under the Western Ice Cap in North-East Land


AT the station maintained from September 1935 to June 1936 near the centre of the Western Ice Cap in North-East Land (80° N., S 20° 30 E., approximately) by the Oxford University Arctic Expedition 1935–36, it has been found that, contrary to expectation1, the ice-cap is not frozen to any great depth. While a shaft was being excavated in the firn beneath the station, a concealed crevasse was discovered—there was absolutely no trace of it at the surface, even during the period of summer thaw—and investigated to a distance of some hundreds of feet in the horizontal direction. At a depth of some 70 ft. below the surface was a lake of water varying in depth from 3 ft. to 6 ft. The bed of the lake was of ice.


  1. 1

    J. E. Fjeldstad, Geografiska Annaler, 15, 314 (1933).

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Moss, R. Water under the Western Ice Cap in North-East Land. Nature 138, 803 (1936). https://doi.org/10.1038/138803b0

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