THE annual report of the Chief Inspector of Factories and Workshops for 1933 provides the usual impressive picture of what is too readily passed over even by scientific workers as one of the routine services which Government renders to the community. Despite this efficient and untiring service, however, industry's toll of accidents is high 113,260 as against 106,164 in 1932 and 688 fatalities as against 602. The increase is not entirely attributed to improved trade. The physical and mental deterioration of workers in prolonged unemployment has untoward results when they are again employed, and, even apart from this, there is a distressingly high proportion of accidents caused by carelessness or contempt of known dangers. The report is in part a record of the watch and ward which is kept over industry to eliminate its dangers and maintain the standards and conditions of employment required by law. It reveals, however, that the inspectorate, in discharge of such responsibilities, is being drawn more and more into educational work, both direct and indirect, perhaps even more among the employees than among employers themselves.