AN instructive review of a situation difficult to gauge with detachment was prepared by Sir Claude Hill for the Friday evening discourse on “Society and Caste in the India of To-day” which was to have been delivered at the Royal Institution on March 9. The discourse was never delivered, for Sir Claude was taken ill and died on April 20, but it is now available in the Proceedings of the Royal Institution, vol. 28, pt. 2, p. 251. It is generally admitted that the present reaction of Hinduism to the introduction of Western conditions and ideas and its effect on the future of the caste system is one of the most important, and at the same time obscure, factors in the,Indian political situation.