THE inaugural meeting of the newly formed Royal Society of New Zealand (hitherto called the New Zealand Institute) was held at Wellington on May 16, when the presidential address was delivered by Prof. R. Speight, professor of geology at Canterbury College, Christchurch, New Zealand. Lord Bledisloe, the Governor-General of New Zealand, in a written address to the Society, intimated His Majesty's approval of the new designation of the Dominion's chief organisation for the promotion of science. The New Zealand Institute was founded in 1867 and the fellowship of the new Society is held by forty-eight men of science. In his address, Lord Bledisloe emphasised the importance of science in solving the world's economic and social problems. Only by the further application of science in all its ramifications and a more enlightened recognition of its beneficent potentialities by the world's rulers will effective remedies for current human disorders be found. The New Zealand Institute has achieved a high prestige in a land of immeasurable opportunities for industrial and cultural expansion. It is therefore to be hoped that under its new appellation it will enjoy to an ever-increasing extent the confidence and respect of the community at large.