Behaviour of Condensed Helium near Absolute Zero


THE recently published measurements1 on some properties of condensed helium, in conjunction with the facts known from the work of Keesom and his co-workers2, allow us to draw some conclusions on the behaviour of helium at very low temperatures.

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  1. 1

    R. Kaischew and F. Simon, NATURE, 133, 460, March 24, 1934.

  2. 2

    Leid. Comm., No. 184b, 190b, 216b, 219e, 221e, Physica, 1, 128, 161; 1934.

  3. 3

    Leid. Comm., Suppl. 61b.

  4. 4

    F. Simon, Z. Phys., 41, 808; 1927. Erg. ex. Naturw., 9, 235, 247ff; 1930. Z. anorg. Chem., 203, 222; 1931.

  5. 5

    Leid. Comm., Suppl. 71e.

  6. 6

    Paper read in Breslau, 1933, unpublished.

  7. 7

    See also the measurements at higher temperatures made with Steckel, Z. phys. Chem., Bodensteinband, 737; 1931.

  8. 8

    L. I. Dana and H. Kamerlingh Onnes, Leid. Comm., 179c.

  9. 9

    K. Bennewitz and F. Simon, Z. Phys., 16, 183; 1923.

  10. 10

    Compare also K. Wohl, Z. phys. Chem., B, 2, 104; 1929.

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