UNDER the above title the Czechoslovak Academy of Agriculture has recently published in book form—in French, German, English, and Czech—the proceedings of a meeting of its corps of foreign members held at Prague on June 3, 1931, a matter which has already been referred to in this journal (128, 597; 1931). On this occasion detailed proposals were put forward by Dr. Reich, the secretary-general of the Academy, for furthering the international co-ordination of scientific and intellectual effort as applied to the agricultural domain. Among these was the original suggestion that an international ‘Nobel prize’ of the annual value of 1,000,000 Czechoslovakian crowns (approximately £8333) should be founded and awarded for the best piece of scientific work in agriculture. In this way it is expected that two important results will follow. In the first place, definite financial recognition can be awarded to investigations of outstanding merit. In the second place, an annual award of this character cannot fail to exercise a great moral and intellectual stimulus on the future development of agricultural science. An international committee, consisting of eighteen members, has been appointed to work out the details of the scheme and to collect the capital sum needed. In view of the fact that the welfare of industry is intimately bound up with that of agriculture and that in the future both must stand or fall together, it should not prove an impossible task for the nations to endow such a ‘Nobel prize’ for agricultural research.