Ovis astore, a Three-Coated Sheep

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ABOUT 1912 the many interesting experiments in sheep-breeding carried out at Colesbourne by the late H. J. Elwes directed the attention of both sheep breeders and wool users to the many types of sheep, wild and domesticated. It was left to Prof. Cossar Ewart, of the University of Edinburgh, to evolve from the primitive characters and types a key scheme explanatory of the origin of the present-day breeds of domestic sheep. This he did by referring all breeds back to two fundamental types, namely, the Urial-Moufflon, which still has representatives in Asia, Europe, and America, and the fat-tail-fat-rump, based on the Ovis ammon, which seems to be a special development to meet the changed environment following the drying up of the Gobi Sea. Many evidences of these two types of sheep are to be noted in carefully selected present day flocks (see NATURE, May 6, p. 595; 1922). FIG. l. Fia. 2.

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BARKER, A. Ovis astore, a Three-Coated Sheep. Nature 129, 128–129 (1932) doi:10.1038/129128a0

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