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Nature volume 127, page 373 (07 March 1931) | Download Citation



ALTHOUGH of recent years the attention of physicists has been so much concentrated on electrons and quanta, the study of the properties of matter in the solid and liquid states has made great progress, with the result that text-books on the subject have been growing old-fashioned. This volume contains a number of articles which appeared as part of the eleventh edition of Müller-Pouillet's “Lehrbuch der Physik” and it is satisfactory to have them translated into English and collected in this convenient form. Prof. P¶schl, of Karlsruhe, contributes an interesting chapter on elasticity and strength of materials, and a short chapter on the friction of so¼d bodies. Prof. Ewald writes a chapter on the mechancial structure of solids from the atomic point of view, in which the lattice theory of crystals is described and a useful account of single crystals is given. Finally, Prof. Prandtl, of G¶ttingen, contributes three chapters on the equilibrium and the flow of liquids and gases. These are to be recom mended to anyone taking up the scientific study of aerodynamics. The illustrations are noteworthy, and special mention must be made of the fine photographs of slip and fracture by Dr. G. Sachs and those of stream-lines in air and in water.

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