Societies and Academies

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    Abstract

    LONDON. Geological Society, Feb. 26.—S. E. Hollingworth: The glaciation of western Edenside and adjoining areas, and the drumlins of Edenside and the Solway basin. In the lowland areas the threefold sequence of Early Scottish, Lake District-Edenside, and late Scottish glaciations is recognised. Almost the whole of the deposits are referable to the maximum of the second or main glaciation. A great flood of ice travelled anti-clockwise around the northern end of the Lake District first northwards towards the Solway, and then westwards and south-westwards into the Irish Sea Basin it was joined en route by ice from the Lake District valleys. Some twenty stages in the retreat from the Eden back to the valley-glacier stage are recognised. The ice-fronts were, during the retreat, parallel to the trend of the drumlins over extensive areas. This unexpected result led to the study of the drumlins of the much wider area, embracing all Edenside and the Solway Basin, from which it appears that the drumlins were formed at the maximum of the Main or Lake District-Edenside glaciation and not as has been frequently claimed for other areas at a late stage.

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