Psychology and Industry

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    DURING the last fifty years there has developed a much closer association between scientific research and productive industry than was formerly the case as is well known, many firms now have excellently equipped laboratories, staffed by highly qualified scientific men and technicians, devoting the whole of their time to devising improvements in the means of production and in the commodity produced. These activities, however, are concerned primarily with the technical and mechanical aspects; hitherto much less attention has been paid to the human factor in industry and commerce. It is very encouraging, therefore, to learn from the ninth annual report1 of the National Institute of Industrial Psychology, just issued, that large employers of labour are now recognising to an ever-increasing extent the value of the study of human ‘behaviour’ and ‘endeavour’, in relation to manufacturing processes and business organisation—that is, the application of psychology in the factory, workshop, and office.

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