The Present Status of Drosophila melanogaster

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DURING more than two decades Drosophila melanogaster has occupied a prominent position in connexion with developments in biological theory. Its extreme variability was noted in 1906 by Castle, and its peculiarities in this respect were later exploited by Morgan and his associates in a long series of publications. On account of the great ease with which this fly can be maintained in cultures and of the short life cycle, it has proved most convenient for genetical investigations. Apparently, experimental work excites a disproportionate degree of credence at the present time in connexion with biological theories. Experimental work, from the evolutionary point of view at any rate, by itself alone, appears to have a definitely restricted value.

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