Australian Origin of Red Rain in New Zealand

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Abstract

WE have recently had two striking examples of the manner in which the influence of a continent may extend, in ways which might easily be overlooked, to enormous distances round about it. It is well known that in dry years large quantities of smoke from bush fires in Australia are carried by the south-east monsoon over the East Indian Archipelago. On Oct. 25 and 26, 1929, however, dense haze, which can have had none other than an Australian origin, was seen at the Island of Niue in lat. 19° S., long. 170° W., 2300 miles distant from Australia. The meteorological observer, Mr. J. P. McMahon-Box, reports that “A strange smoky haze enveloped the whole Island on the 25th and 26th. It came up about midnight on the 24th to 25th, apparently from the south-west, in which direction it was densest. Visibility was very poor indeed.… It disappeared during the night of the 26th to 27th.… We experienced a couple of thunderstorms during the period of the haze.”

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