Variation of Latitude with the Moon's Position


RECENT investigations at this laboratory have suggested a possible connexion between the variation in latitude of a given place on the earth's surface and the position of the moon in the sky at the time observations for latitude are made. An analysis of the whole series of the latitude observations which were made by Ross at Gaithersburg from 1911 to 1914, has revealed a striking correlation between the moon's hour angle and the value of the latitude obtained. The data were restricted to results obtained with the photographic zenith telescope, thus eliminating all personal equation. For convenience the observations were divided into two periods, one from 1911 to 1913, the other from 1913 to 1914. According to Ross's estimates, the 1913 to 1914 observations were considerably superior to those of the earlier years, as is evidenced by the smaller probable error.

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STETSON, H. Variation of Latitude with the Moon's Position. Nature 123, 127–128 (1929).

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