Molecular features of a new human lymphoma cell line carrying both BCL2 and BCL6 gene rearrangements

Abstract

Chromosomal translocations and/or their molecular equivalents involving the BCL6 gene on 3q27 band have been suggested to be involved in the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type (B-NHL). The rearrangement of BCL6 sometimes coexists with other translocations specific to B-NHL. Here, we report a novel B-cell lymphoma cell line, YM, established from a patient with diffuse large cell lymphoma. The YM cells expressed B-cell-associated antigens in addition to μδ/κ monoclonal immunoglobulin. Southern blot analysis of DNA from YM cells demonstrated rearrangement of the BCL2 gene within the 5′ flanking region (5′-BCL2). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primer pairs for the BCL2 exons 1 and 2, and for the constant region of the immunoglobulin κ light chain gene (IGκ) revealed PCR products encompassing the 5′-BCL2/IGκ fusion, indicating that the YM cells had a t(2;18)(p11;q21) translocation. The BCL6 gene was rearranged at a point within the first intron, and cloning of the rearranged BCL6 revealed unidentified sequences juxtaposed to the 5′ side of the gene. The isolated clones were mapped to 16p11.2 by high resolution fluorescence in situ chromosomal hybridization. Thus, the YM cells carried a 3q27 translocation involving 16p11.2 as a partner. Chromosome painting of metaphase spreads confirmed that the YM cells had both t(2;18) and t(3;16). Northern blot analysis using a fragment immediately adjacent to the breakpoint on 16p11.2 revealed transcriptional activity within this locus. The YM cells expressed abundant transcripts with aberrant sizes from BCL2 and BCL6, indicating deregulated overexpression of the two genes resulting from the t(2;18) and t(3;16). The YM cell line will therefore be useful to study whether BCL2 and BCL6 genes collaborate in the pathogenesis of B-NHL.

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Correspondence to Hitoshi Ohno.

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Yonetani, N., Akasaka, T., Akasaka, H. et al. Molecular features of a new human lymphoma cell line carrying both BCL2 and BCL6 gene rearrangements. Oncogene 17, 971–979 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1202027

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Keywords

  • non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • BCL2 gene
  • t(2
  • 18)(p11
  • q21)
  • BCL6 gene
  • t(3
  • 16)(q27
  • p11.2)

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