DPC4 (SMAD4) mediates transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induced growth inhibition and transcriptional response in breast tumour cells

Abstract

A family of structurally related proteins homologous to the Drosophila mothers against dpp (MAD) gene product have been implicated in signal transduction by members of the TGF-β superfamily. One of these MAD related proteins (DPC4) has been cloned as a candidate tumour suppressor in pancreas carcinomas, suggesting a role for DPC4 in growth regulation by TGF-β related proteins. The involvement of DPC4 in TGF-β1 induced growth inhibition and transcriptional response is demonstrated here, by the introduction of DPC4 in the TGF-β and activin insensitive breast tumour cell line MDA-MB-468, from which the DPC4 gene is deleted. Transfection of DPC4 in this cell line restores both growth inhibition and the induction of a TGF-β sensitive reporter construct (3TPlux) by TGF-β1. In contrast, a DPC4 splice variant lacking amino acid residues 223 – 301 and cloned from another TGF-β and activin resistant breast tumour cell line (MDA-MB-231), does not restore the induction of the 3TPlux reporter by TGF-β1. We also show that in this latter cell line activin resistance is partly due to the absence of a functional activin type IB receptor. These results indicate that DPC4 is part of the TGF-β signalling cascade and mediates TGF-β induced growth inhibition. Together with the deletion of DPC4 from pancreas carcinomas these results suggest a role for DPC4 as a tumour suppressor.

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Correspondence to Adriana JM van den Eijnden-van Raaij.

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Winter, J., Roelen, B., Dijke, P. et al. DPC4 (SMAD4) mediates transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induced growth inhibition and transcriptional response in breast tumour cells. Oncogene 14, 1891–1899 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1201017

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Keywords

  • DPC4
  • Smad
  • TSF-β
  • activin
  • tumour suppressor

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