The Relative Age of Rocks containing Fossils

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DURING recent controversies as to the evidence for the evolution of life in past ages, it has been stated that geologists arrange the fossil-bearing rocks in a “purely artificial” manner, not necessarily in the order in which they are found superposed. It has even been asserted that when the fossils occur in successive layers in an order which an evolutionist would say is the reverse of that expected, the rocks are assumed from this criterion alone to have been disturbed and turned upside down. The progressive development of life which a geologist recognises, indeed, is said to be imaginary and not proved by the observed order of superposition of the rocks.

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