THE special geographical difficulties of tropical East Africa due to climate, remoteness, and the scantiness of the native population, have led to an awkward dilemma as to the labour and land policies. In consequence, serious friction arose between the European and Asiatic settlers and the Government, and widespread unrest among the natives. Accordingly, the late Government appointed a Commission consisting of the Hon. W. G. A. Ormsby-Gore (the present Under-Secretary for the Colonies), Major A. G. Church, then a Labour M.P. and secretary of the National Union of Scientific Workers, and Mr. F. C. Linfield, then a Liberal M.P., to collect information and report on the development of the British East African Dependencies, and on the social and economic conditions of the natives. The Commission, after a long tour of inspection, has prepared a valuable report on the countries and their administration. One of its most gratifying features is its recognition of the economic value to such countries of scientific guidance; and this welcome innovation enhances regret at the deplorable contrast described between the former attitudes of the British and German Colonial Governments towards scientific research.