GREAT encouragement for industrial research is contained in a notification just made to the chairman of the British Cotton Industry Research Association to the effect that &5,ooo/. is to be received by the Association as an addition to its present income-o most welcome aid towards the maintenance of the laboratories at the Shirley Institute, Didsbury. The trustees of the Cotton Trade War Memorial Fund, acting on a recommendation from the Cotton Reconstruction Board, have decided, subject to the approval of the Board of Trade, to make this grant in instalments, 5000. for the year ending June 30, 1926, and 20,000. for each of the three years ending June 30, 1927, 1928, and 1929. Some four years ago the Cotton Reconstruction Board made a grant to the British Cotton Industry Research Association of 200, ooo/., a sum from which a large part of its income has ever since been derived, and the fact that the trustees have now decided to continue their help shows their great confidence in the ultimate benefits that will accrue to the cotton trade as the result of scientific research. Nothing could more strongly signalise the value of science to the industry than a gift such as this; and their appreciation of what they describe as “the good work being carried out by the Shirley Institute” is bound to encourage not only the staff there but industrial research workers throughout Great Britain. Further, they feel that this work should be made even more widely known to the trade and to the workpeople themselves, showing that the real importance of applied science is now being more fully realised. Thus the labours of chemists, physicists, botanists, and engineers on the fundamental problems presented by cotton are being justified.