THE British Science Guild was happily inspired in seeking the co-operation of the National Joint Council of the Trades Union Congress and the Labour Party in the organisation of the conference on Science and Labour in the Modern State to be held at the British Empire Exhibition at the end of this month. The labours of the joint committee, presided over by Sir Richard Gregory, have now borne fruit in the published programme of the conference. Science in its widest sense has a history as old as the known world. As an active agent for the betterment of human life, for the promotion of man's joys and the alleviation of his sorrows, its history is comparatively recent. The researches of Robert Boyle, who died in 1691 and was described on his tombstone as the father of chemistry, found no immediate application in the workaday world. Sir Isaac Newton, the outstanding figure in English science, discovered the secret of the movements of the heavenly bodies; but it cannot be said that his life-work had much effect on the great mundane movement in his own day and generation.