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Nature volume 113, pages 656658 (03 May 1924) | Download Citation



NEOLITHIC PAINTED POTTERY FROM THE BUKOVINA.—Mr. V. Gordon Childe describes in vol. liii. pt. 2 of the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute a representative series of painted pottery from Schipe-nitz, a late neolithic station in Bukovina belonging to the important neolithic culture of the famous black earth belt of South-Eastern Europe, for which affinities with the yEgean have been suggested. The sites of the black earth belt fall into three groups of which the eastern forms the true Tripolye culture. Of the central group, to which Schipenitz belongs, Cucuteni alone shows any stratification. Here the pottery of the later of two culture levels corresponds to that of Schipenitz, as also does that of the later of two chronological groups on the Dniepr. The painted pottery is generally found in rectangular structures of wattle and daub. At Schipenitz it shows no sign of development and belongs to a single cultural epoch. It exhibits a considerable range of form with a characteristic but limited range of design based upon the S-shaped spiral for each. Black monochrome or black with thin red line hatching is applied to a polished surface ranging from deep red to yellow, or to a thin slip varying from brown to creamy white. The people of Schipenitz were pastorals, but there is evidence that they also practised agriculture. Their culture came to an end owing to the inroads of nomads from the east and north, and apparently did not outlive the second Middle Minoan period.

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