MR. F. GILL, the “European Engineer-in-Chief” of the Western Electric Co., chose the subject of telephony over long distances, with special reference to the international problems of communication between the various countries of Europe, in his presidential address to the Institution of Electrical Engineers delivered on November 2. Incidentally he pointed out that the passive attitude of a Government, content to satisfy the public demand only, would never lead to an efficient service. The success of the “Bell-owned” companies in the United States is due to an intensive educational campaign coupled with construction well in advance of the demand. In the United States the number of telephone stations has been increased ninefold during the last twenty years, and there is now one telephone station to every 7.7 persons. In Mr. Gill's opinion a Government Department should earn something more than merely sufficient to pay its way. If this were done there would be no difficulty in getting the capital necessary to extend the business. With a large staff it is disastrous that the idea should prevail that profit-earning is of no account.