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The Hydrogen Molecule1

    Abstract

    I N Prof. Crehore's papers on the hydrogen molecule, Saha's theory of electromagnetic forces is made use of, which is founded on the Einstein relativity theory. A certain type of atom is described for hydrogen, consisting of a revolving nucleus of positive electricity with two revolving negative electrons, one on either side of the nucleus, and having a common axis of revolution with it; and it is shown that the resultant of the electrostatic and electrodynamic forces acting at points the distance of which from the Fig. 1.-H, hydrogen atom; two coaxial, ellipsoidal electrons, on either side of positive electron with charge +oe, and mass r.oo8. He, helium atom, four coaxial electrons with positive nucleus between them. Li i, discarded by Crehore. Li 2, three 8 particles with three binding electrons representing Li 7, N =3 GI i, discarded by Crehore. GI 2 and 3 do not represent observed isotopes. B, and B2, isotopes of boron B15 and B11. C, carbon with six binding electrons corresponding to the atomic number of the element, N=6. 0, oxygen, N=8, eight binding electrons. F, fluorine, N=9, nine binding electrons. Ne x, Ne 20; thehelium atom at the centre is supposed to be equivalent toan addition of twobindingelectrons. Na, sodium, N=ie, eleven binding electrons. atom is great, compared with the distances between the atoms in a crystal, varies inversely as the square of the distance. Gravitational force is thus shown to result from the combination of electrostatic and electrodynamic forces, when relativity is taken into account. The spinning of the positive nucleus, and of the electrons, gives them an ellipsoidal form, the ratio between the major and minor diameters being in each case 3.058. For the negative electron the major diameter is 6.514 × o0-13 cm. and the minor is 2.130 × 10.13 cm. The greater part of the mass of the atom resides in the positive nucleus; and, as it is assumed to be wholly of electromagnetic origin, this nucleus is e×tremely minute in comparison with the negative electron, as in the commonly accepted theory of atomic structure, the solar system theory.

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    References

    1. 1

      Prof. A. C. Crehore, Phil. Mag., Oct. 1921, May 1922, June 1922.

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