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THIS book is one of a series which offers a general account of modern scientific research in its relations to civilisation: it is written in a pleasant, continuous manner and, on the whole, is a very good exposition of the main results of physical oceanography. It follows the line of treatment which appears now to have become classical since the publication of Kriimmell's big book in 1907—11: an account of the bottom of the ocean and its deposits; the physics and chemistry of sea water; waves and tides; and the formation of ice. The ocean in its relation to life and the development of the foreshore and coast-line are scarcely touched. The theory of the tides is dealt with very slightly, and the statement is made that all tidal problems have been elucidated by Airy's “théorie des ondulations”: quite lately, of course, the dynamical theory of the tides has been almost transformed. There is no account of the methods of prediction.


Par Prof. J. Thoulet. (Science et Civilisation: Collection d'exposés synthétiques du savoir humain.) Pp. ix + 287. (Paris: Gauthier-Villars et Cie, 1922.) 9 francs.

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