June 17, 1881. James Starley died.—The son of a Sussex farmer, Starley, in 1846, at the age of 15, became gardener to John Penn, the marine engineer. Afterwards he was employed by a London firm of machinists, and in 1857 he brought out the “European” sewing machine; subsequently he turned his attention to bicycles at Coventry. To his perseverance and energy Coventry owes its position as the centre of the cycle-making industry. A monument was erected to him there in 1884.