Calendar of Industrial Pioneers


June 17, 1881. James Starley died.—The son of a Sussex farmer, Starley, in 1846, at the age of 15, became gardener to John Penn, the marine engineer. Afterwards he was employed by a London firm of machinists, and in 1857 he brought out the “European” sewing machine; subsequently he turned his attention to bicycles at Coventry. To his perseverance and energy Coventry owes its position as the centre of the cycle-making industry. A monument was erected to him there in 1884.


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S., E. Calendar of Industrial Pioneers. Nature 109, 798 (1922).

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