The Electro-Metallurgy of Steel


    WHAT are usually called electro-metallurgical processes of steel manufacture now constitute an applied science of considerable industrial importance. Strictly speaking, however, the processes are not electro-metallurgical since electrolysis is not an essential feature. Electrical energy is transformed into heat energy which is applied to the making and refining of steel of many types. The possibility of applying electrical energy in this way was first demonstrated by the late Sir William Siemens almost twenty years before its commercial possibilities were recognised by later investigators.. Prior to the outbreak of the late war the electric furnace had only a very limited application in steel metallurgy. Since then it has had a rapid and vast development, due partly to the shortage of high-grade raw materials, partly to the enormous demand for alloy steels, and partly to the need for utilising in some way the vast accumulation of heavy steel turnings. These conditions presented an exceptional opportunity for the electric furnace, and it was only then that its economic advantages in certain branches of steel-making were actually demonstrated. According to Mr. D. F. Campbell, who has written a preface to Mr. Gow's book, the electric furnace is now absorbing millions of electrical horse-power for various purposes and has produced more than a million tons of steels of various types.

    The Electro-Metallurgy of Steel.

    By C. C. Gow. (A Treatise of Electro-Chemistry. Edited by Bertram Blount.) Pp. xvi + 351. (London: Constable and Co., Ltd., 1921.) 27s. 6d.

    Access options

    Rent or Buy article

    Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


    All prices are NET prices.

    Rights and permissions

    Reprints and Permissions

    About this article

    Cite this article

    The Electro-Metallurgy of Steel . Nature 109, 768–769 (1922).

    Download citation


    By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.