Calendar of Industrial Pioneers


June 10, 1850. James Smith died.—Educated at Glasgow University, Smith was placed in charge of his uncle's cotton - works at Deanston, Perthshire, where he introduced many improvements in manufacture and agriculture. He invented a reaping machine, improved the self-acting mule, built bridges and waterwheels, in 1813 lighted his factory by gas and introduced the sub-soil plough and the deep draining of soils.


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S., E. Calendar of Industrial Pioneers. Nature 109, 762 (1922).

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