Pinus pinaster was probably introduced into Madeira about thirty years before the beginning of the nineteenth century—a hundred years too late to save from wanton extinction the forests of mountain laurel, Cerasus, Persea, juniper, and many a species exclusively Madeiran.
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GRABHAM, M. The Cluster Pine. Nature 105, 675–676 (1920). https://doi.org/10.1038/105675d0
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