Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The History of the London Plane


IN an article on “The Artificial Production of Vigorous Trees,” an abstract of which was pub lished in NATURE, January 7, 1915, p. 521, Prof. Augustine Henry directed attention to certain well-known trees, like the Lucombe oak, Huntingdon elm, cricket-bat willow, and black Italian poplar, which owe their vigour and botanical characters to the fact that they are of hybrid origin. Such hybrids arose as chance seedlings due to cross-pollination of two trees of different species growing together. The introduc tion into Europe during the seventeenth centurv of North American trees which grew alongside similar, but distinct, European species in parks and gardens was the occasion of considerable hybridisation. Trees like the black Italian poplar and the London plane, which have never been seen anywhere in the wild state, are intermediate in botanical characters between an American and a European species in each case, and are undoubtedly first-crosses.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

The History of the London Plane . Nature 103, 333–336 (1919).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing