Ripple Marks due to High Pressure


WHILE in London and examining the German guns in the Mall, I came across one with a burst shell in its breech, which is probably a unique curiosity, and possibly of value to geologists and others who are interested in the flow of solids. The shell seems to have burst while being loaded into the gun, and, although it is well opened out, only a small portion is missing. The retained pieces are of interest, for on their inner surfaces they are covered with a large number of small patches of very fine ripple marks. These must have been produced under the, intense pressure of the explosion, for it is well known that the insides of shells are turned smooth, polished, and varnished. It is, of course, difficult to say whether a study of these ripple marks will prove of scientific value, but seeing that the gun and its shell are probably exposed to the rain, and as these unique ripple marks may soon corrode away, I should like to suggest that this particular gun and its shell should be protected against further injury by being removed to a geological museum, or, perhaps, to the United Service Institution.

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

STROMEYER, C. Ripple Marks due to High Pressure. Nature 102, 465 (1919).

Download citation


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.