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Damascene Steel

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Abstract

DAMASCENE or Damascus steel made its appearance in Western Europe during the Middle Ages. It was manufactured in India, and the origin of the process may be traced back many centuries B.C. The same kind of steel had previously been introduced into Russia, where it was known as “poulad” or “bulat.” The external characteristic of this steel was its patterned surface-watering or “jauher” (Persian), which gave rise to the name “poulad jauherder.”It was imported into Russia through Persia and the Caucasus, and into Western Europe through Syria and Palestine.

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https://doi.org/10.1038/101308a0

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