Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

(1) Henri Bergson: An Account of his Life and Philosophy (2) The Idealistic Reaction against Science (3) Berkeley and Percival


(1) IF a layman may presume to criticise the professional metaphysician, one may say that the merit of M. Bergson is to have freshened up philosophy. His point of view is nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri, and he has successfully cast off all the trammels not only of the old cut and dried philosophy of the schools, hut even the gaseous mysticism of NeoHegelianism. Yet some style him a NeoHegelian. Philosophy, he says, should be moulded on experience, and experience both changes and grows with human development. There is something of most philosophies in M. Bergson's attitude to the universe, for his philosophy is simply this: it is everything but a system. He is neither monist nor pantheist, but, as it were, a layman trying to understand. This attitude of his is optimistic; he has confidence in the universe. It may seem that he, like other exponents of “the new philosophy,” has a quarrel with monism and materialism, but he himself has deprecated all philosophical quarrels, for after all philosophy is only our attitude to and conception of the Absolute, and the wise man simply absorbs the positive results of all philosophies.

(1) Henri Bergson: An Account of his Life and Philosophy.

By A. Ruhe N. M. Paul. Pp. vii + 245. (London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd., 1914.) Price 5s. net.

(2) The Idealistic Reaction against Science.

By Prof. Aliotta. Translated by A. McCaskill. Pp. xxii + 483. (London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd., 1914.) Price 12s. net.

(3) Berkeley and Percival.

By Benjamin Rand. The Correspondence of George Berkeley afterwards Bishop of Cloyne, and Sir John Percival afterwards Earl of Egmont. Pp. x + 302.(Cambridge University Press, 1914.) Price 9s. net.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

CRAWLEY, A. (1) Henri Bergson: An Account of his Life and Philosophy (2) The Idealistic Reaction against Science (3) Berkeley and Percival. Nature 94, 474–476 (1914).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing