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Geography at the British Association

Nature volume 92, pages 437438 (11 December 1913) | Download Citation



AT the conclusion of the president's address in Section E (Geography), Dr. W. S; Bruce presented his newly completed map of Prince Charles Foreland, Spitsbergen—an island of about 250 square miles, half of which is below the 100-foot contour line and one-fifth covered by glaciers. The rest consists of mountains and huge moraines. The height of Saddle Mount was fixed at 1406 ft., and the Devil's Thumb at 2602 ft. On a later day he gave an account of the economic resources of Spitsbergen, chief among which is an excellent steam coal bordering a splendid harbour, at present mined chiefly by Americans. In view of negotiations from Russia for the purchase of these coal measures, lying only fifty-three hours by cruiser from our coasts, he urged the immediate annexation of the island by the British Government.

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