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National Antarctic Expedition, 1901–1904 Meteorology

Nature volume 92, pages 393395 (04 December 1913) | Download Citation



THIS work completes the series of meteorological investigations which were begun after the return of the National Antarctic Expedition in the year 1904. While the first volume, which appeared in the year 1908, dealt with the meteorological observations of the Discovery station and of the sledge journeys carried out from there, the second volume now published gives the results of the International Meteorological Cooperation, which existed from 1901 to 1904, in order to discuss, in a summarised form, the weather conditions of the higher southern latitudes during that period of investigation. For this purpose it was from the first arranged, at the instigation of the German authorities, to construct daily synoptic weather charts of the higher southern latitudes for the period October 1, 1901—March 31, 1903. The data for these charts were to be supplied by the land stations on the southern continents, and by ships of all nationalities which were during that time further south than 30° S. latitude. These were requested to take observa-tions daily at the time of Greenwich noon, relating to air-pressure, temperature of the air and sea, amount and motion of clouds, precipitation, and other noteworthy phenomena.

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