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Contributions to the Ethnology and ArchÆlogy of North America1

Nature volume 88, pages 527528 (15 February 1912) | Download Citation



So little information is available concerning the Indian tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley and the adjacent coast of the Gulf of Mexico that Mr. Swanton's memoir is very welcome. In it he has published extracts from early French authors, and in a compact form we have all that is known about tribes now extinct or reduced to a few, much modified, survivors. There are seven linguistic families around the Lower Mississippi; of these, the Caddoan and Siouan are extensions or outliers of a wider distribution; the Muskhogean group extends in a broad band to the Atlantic; to this is related the small Natchez group. The Chitimachan people live at the mouth of the river, while westwards extend the cognate Atakapan group, to which, probably, the small Tunican group are also allied.

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