SAND-DUNES originating from the shore occupy an area of 290,000 acres in the North Island and 24,000 acres in the South Island of New Zealand. Protection against inroads of the sea is not a pressing matter in New Zealand, but protection of fertile lands from burial by marching dunes is, and it is for the latter purpose that the dunes have to be fixed. With this object in view, the Sand-drift Act of 1908 was passed. By it the Minister of Lands is empowered to cause operations to be undertaken for controlling sand-drift within a proclaimed area, the cost being apportioned among the owners of land within that area. The order is subject to appeal to the local magistrate, the final decision resting with a board consisting of the magistrate and two assessors, one appointed by the Government, the other by the local authority.