Table 3 Factors within the total cohort associated with the three measures of psychological distress

From: Night eating syndrome and nocturnal snacking: association with obesity, binge eating and psychological distress

  Symptoms of depression (revised BDI) Mental health-related QoL (SF-36 MCS) Appearance dissatisfaction (MBSRQ)
Age NS β=0.11; P=0.019 NS
Female gender β=−0.16; P<0.001 β=0.13; P=0.004 β=−0.27; P<0.001
BMI β=0.43; P<0.001 β=−0.10; P=0.042 β=0.49; P<0.001
NES NS NS NS
Nocturnal snacks β=0.18; P<0.001 β=−0.19; P<0.001 NS
BE β=0.26; P<0.001 β=−0.20; P<0.001 β=0.15; P<0.001
Total variancea (%) 39 14 36
  1. Abbreviations: BDI, Beck Depression Inventory; BE, binge eaters; BMI, body mass index; MBSRQ, The Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire; NES, night eating syndrome; NS, not significant; QoL; quality of life; SF-36 MCS, The Medical Outcomes Trust Short Form-36 Mental Health Component score.
  2. Night eating syndrome was not associated with any marker of psychopathology, while nocturnal snacking was associated with higher symptoms of depression and poorer mental health-related QoL. Binge eating was strongly related to all three measures.
  3. Statistical analysis using linear regression. β- and P-values are provided for significant associations.
  4. aCombined R2-value.