Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Simple carbohydrates and obesity: Fact, Fiction and Future

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. World Health Organisation. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. WHO: Geneva, 1998. WHO/NUT/NCD/89.1.

  2. Grundy SM . Obesity, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89: 2595–2600.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Willett WC, Dietz WH, Colditz GA . Guidelines for healthy weight. N Engl J Med 1999; 341: 427–434.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Yudkin J . Pure, White and Deadly. Viking: London, UK, 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Astrup A . Macronutrient balances and obesity: the role of diet and physical activity. Public Health Nutr 1999; 2: 341–347.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Flatt J . The difference in storage capacities for carbohydrate and for fat and its implications in the regulation of body weight. Ann NY Acad Sci 1987; 499: 104–123.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Prentice AM, Poppitt SD . Importance of energy density and macronutrients in the regulation of energy intake. Int J Obes 1996; 20 (Suppl 2): S18–S23.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Prentice AM, Jebb SA . Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? Br Med J 1995; 311: 437–439.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Leveille M . Macronutrient substitutes: description and uses. Ann NY Acad Sci 1997; 499: 11–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Kennedy ET, Bowman SA, Powell R . Dietary fat intake in the US population. Am Coll Nutr 1999; 18: 207–212.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Lissner L, Heitmann BL . Dietary fat and obesity: evidence from epidemiology. Eur J Clin Nutr 1995; 49: 79–90.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Astrup A, Grunwald GK, Melanson EL, Saris WHM, Hill JO . The role of low-fat diets in body weight control: a meta-analysis of ad-libitum dietary intervention studies. Int J Obes 2000; 24: 1545–1552.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Katan MB, Grundy SM, Willet WC . Beyond low-fat diets. New Engl J Med 1997; 337: 563–566.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Willet WC . Is dietary fat a major determinant of body fat? Am J Clin Nutr 1998; 67: S565–S625.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Brand-Miller JC, Holt SHA, Pawlak DB, McMillan J . Glycemic index and obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 76: 281S–285S.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Pawlak DB, Ebbeling CB, Ludwig DS . Should obese patients be counselled to follow a low-glycaemic index diet. Yes Obes Rev 2002; 3: 235–243.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Willet WC . Eat, Drink and be Healthy: The Havard Medical School Guide to Healthy Eating. Simon & Schuster: NY, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Pi-Sunyer FX . Glycaemic index and disease. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 76: 290S–298S.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Hill JO, Prentice AM . Sugar and body weight regulation. Am J Clin Nutr 1995; 62: 264S–274S.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Astrup A, Raben A . Carbohydrate and obesity. Int J Obes 1995; 19: S27–S37.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Saris WHM, Astrup A, Prentice AM, Zunft HJ, Formiguera X, Verboeket-van der Venne W et al. Randomized controlled trial of changes in dietary carbohydrate/fat ratio and simple vs complex carbohydrates on body weight and blood lipids. The CARMEN study. Int J Obes 2000; 24: 1310–1318.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO, McGuckin BG, Brill C, Mohammed BC et al. A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity. N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 2082–2090.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Samaha FF, Iqbal N, Seshadri P, Chicano KL, Daily DA, McGrory J et al. A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity. N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 2074–2081.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to W H M Saris.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Saris, W., Foster, G. Simple carbohydrates and obesity: Fact, Fiction and Future. Int J Obes 30 (Suppl 3), S1–S3 (2006).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links