Table 2 Outcomes by randomization group

From: Outcome data from the LEAP (Live, Eat and Play) trial: a randomized controlled trial of a primary care intervention for childhood overweight/mild obesity

Outcome Intervention Control Unadjusted difference (I–C) Adjusted difference (I–C)
  n Mean (s.d.) n Mean (s.d.) Mean (95% CI) P-value Mean (95% CI) P-value
Nine months
 BMI 73 21.0 (2.6) 80 20.8 (2.2) 0.2 (−0.6 to 0.9) 0.61 −0.2 (−0.6 to 0.1) 0.25
 UK BMI z-score 73 1.96 (0.64) 80 1.93 (0.57) 0.04 (−0.16 to 0.23) 0.71 −0.09 (−0.20 to 0.02) 0.12
 % of activity time spent in moderate–vigorous activity 59 42.9 (15.5) 72 36.1 (20.5) 6.8 (0.8 to 12.9) 0.03 6.1 (−0.0 to 12.2) 0.05
 Daily physical activity 45 3.3 (0.5) 61 3.2 (0.6) 0.1 (−0.1 to 0.3) 0.45 0.2 (−0.0 to 0.4) 0.08
 Daily nutrition 43 19.0 (2.7) 54 16.5 (2.5) 2.5 (1.5 to 3.5) <0.001 2.1 (1.3 to 2.9) <0.001
 PedsQL Parent Proxy 58 79.1 (10.3) 67 82.6 (12.3) −3.5 (−7.5 to 0.4) 0.08 −1.9 (−4.9 to 1.2) 0.23
 PedsQL Child Self-Report 73 77.5 (11.1) 80 76.7 (12.2) 0.9 (−2.8 to 4.5) 0.65 0.7 (−3.0 to 4.4) 0.70
 Body satisfaction 73 1.2 (1.3) 80 1.0 (1.2) 0.2 (−0.2 to 0.6) 0.43 0.1 (−0.3 to 0.5) 0.58
 Physical appearance and global self-worth 73 1.4 (0.5) 80 1.3 (0.5) 0.0 (−0.1 to 0.2) 0.72 0.0 (−0.1 to 0.2) 0.65
15 months
 BMI 70 21.7 (3.1) 76 21.2 (2.4) 0.5 (−0.4 to 1.3) 0.31 −0.0 (−0.5 to 0.5) 1.00
 UK BMI z-score 70 2.00 (0.68) 76 1.92 (0.59) 0.08 (−0.12 to 0.29) 0.42 −0.03 (−0.17 to 0.10) 0.62
 % of activity time spent in moderate-vigorous activity 59 39.2 (19.3) 70 35.2 (20.5) 3.7 (−3.1 to 10.4) 0.29 3.2 (−2.8 to 9.5) 0.29
 Daily physical activity 49 3.3 (0.5) 58 3.2 (0.5) 0.1 (−0.1 to 0.3) 0.37 0.2 (−0.0 to 0.3) 0.08
 Daily nutrition 48 18.7 (2.0) 55 16.1 (2.7) 2.7 (1.8 to 3.5) <0.001 1.6 (0.9 to 2.3) <0.001
 PedsQL Parent Proxy 63 78.1 (13.2) 69 78.8 (12.9) −0.7 (−5.1 to 3.7) 0.76 0.2 (−3.1 to 3.5) 0.91
 PedsQL Child Self-Report 72 78.8 (12.2) 74 76.5 (13.3) 2.2 (−1.9 to 6.4) 0.29 2.7 (−1.3 to 6.8) 0.19
 Body satisfaction 72 1.0 (1.1) 74 0.8 (1.0) 0.2 (−0.2 to 0.5) 0.32 0.2 (−0.1 to 0.5) 0.30
 Physical appearance and global self-worth 72 1.4 (0.5) 74 1.4 (0.5) −0.0 (−0.2 to 0.1) 0.73 −0.0 (−0.2 to 0.1) 0.64
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval.