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  • Original Article
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Combined effects of high-fat feeding and circadian desynchronization

Abstract

Objective:

To assess whether circadian desynchronization leads to metabolic alterations capable of promoting dietary obesity and/or impairing glucose tolerance.

Design:

Rats fed either with chow pellets (i.e., low-fat diet with 4% mass of fat) or high-fat diet (34% mass of fat). Half of each diet group was exposed to a fixed light–dark cycle or to a 10-h weekly shift in the light–dark cycle from Thursday to Sunday (20 shifts). To enforce the shifted animals to be active at unusual times of the day, food was available only during the daily dark period for all groups.

Results:

Shifting the light–dark cycle on a weekly basis was efficient to induce circadian desynchronization, as evidenced by strong disturbances in the daily expression of locomotor activity. Shifted rats fed with a nocturnal low-fat diet had lower plasma insulin and similar blood glucose compared to rats fed with the same diet under a fixed light–dark cycle. Nocturnal high-fat feeding led to an abdominal fat overload associated with increased plasma leptin and basal glucose. These metabolic changes were not significantly modified by circadian desynchronization.

Conclusion:

Chronic desynchronization with low-fat diet impaired insulin regulation. Metabolic changes induced by the high-fat diet were not aggravated by chronic desynchronization.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Pr Bernard Goichot (Service de Médecine Interne et Nutrition, Hôpital de Hautepierre, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France), Dr Sylvie Massemin-Challet, and Dr Hugues Oudart (Centre d’Ecologie et Physiologie Energétiques, CNRS, Strasbourg, France) for help with analysis and comments on the manuscript. We are also indebted to Pr Eus JW Van Someren (Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands) for the use of his analysis procedures to assess desynchronization of circadian rhythms. The study has been performed with the support of ‘crédits exceptionnels’ from Université Louis Pasteur.

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Correspondence to E Challet.

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Bartol-Munier, I., Gourmelen, S., Pevet, P. et al. Combined effects of high-fat feeding and circadian desynchronization. Int J Obes 30, 60–67 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803048

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