Table a1 Table of excluded trials

From: Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review

Study reference Baseline BMI (kg/m2) or % of ideal weight Age(Y) Intervention Duration of intervention (Weeks) Follow-up (Months) Reason for exclusion
King et al33 120–160% 30–59 D × E × C 52 12 There is no diet+exercise group
Jeffery et al34 14–32 kg over ideal weight 25–45 D+E × C 52 18 There is no diet only group
Pavlou et al35 122% 26–52 D × D+E 8 18 Information only available in graph, with values not described
Perri et al36 160% 22–60 BT+E+M × BT+E × BT+ M × BT 20 18 There is no diet intervention, only behavioral therapy (BT) in groups; the M group was periodically contacted during follow-up.
Sikand et al37 170–200% 21–60 D × D+E 20 24 The follow-up weight is self-reported; poor methodological quality
Tuomilehto et al38 26.5–35.9 40–65 D+E × C 52 12 There is no diet only group
Uusitupa et al39 26.5–35.9 40–65 D+E × C 52 12 There is no diet only group
van Dale et al40 32.3 (mean) 34 (mean) D × D+E 12–14 18–42 Not a randomized clinical trial: subjects entered in three different diet-exercise studies
  1. BT, behavioral therapy; C, control; D, diet; E, exercise; M, multicomponent maintenance program.
  2. Other studies exclusively comparing two different interventions of diet were also excluded.41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56 and 57