Table 2 Comparison of diet and exercise vs diet

From: Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review

  Diet and exercise Diet
Study (reference) N Baseline weight (kg) Initial weight loss (kg) Weight loss after 1 y (kg) N Baseline weight (kg) Weight loss intervention (kg) Weight loss after 1 y (kg)
Study 1[11] 53 106.0±9.9 −13.7±13.6 −5.1±15.6a 29 106.0±9.9 −12.1±14.9 −5.3±20.4a
Study 2[12] 53 91.3±2.0 −13.8±11.0 −5.6±14.0 29 93.2±1.6 −11.2±10.3 −3.5±9.7
Study 3[13] 91 96.0±13.9 −15.4±9.1 −9.1±9.6 21 96.3±8.8 −14.4±6.2 −6.9±6.3
Study 5[15] 20 83.6±8.6 −8.3±3.8 −6.7±6.7 20 90.5±13.5 −7.9±4.2 −7.8±6.2
Study 8[18] 21 100.1±27.4 −8.9±11.5 −2.2±6.7 15 98.5±25.9 −6.8±7.8 +0.9±7.7
Study 9[19] 27 105.3±5.8 −8.9±6.2 −7.9±6.9 28 100.1±4.9 −6.4±5.2 −3.9±5.2
Total 265 97.4±16.1 −13.0±10.4 −6.7±8.3 142 97.8 ±10.7 −9.9±9.6 −4.5±11.3
  1. aThe follow-up period was 23 months (unsupervised).