Table 1 Baseline characteristics of all participants by treatment assignment (means±s.d. or %)

From: Weight loss with meal replacement and meal replacement plus snacks: a randomized trial

  MR only MR+snacking  
Variable Nonsnacker (N=25) Snacker (N=25) Nonsnacker (N=25) Snacker (N=25) P-value
Age (y) 41.1±8.5 41.7±7.2 40.0±8.4 39.7±7.5 0.796
Gender (% female) 96.0 84.0 76.0 92.0 0.157
Ethnic status      0.246
 % White 28.0 23.8 27.3 27.3  
 % Hispanic 28.0 19.1 40.9 31.8  
 % African American 40.0 57.1 31.8 31.8  
 % Asian 4.0 0.0 0.0 9.1  
Marital status (% married)a 60.0 60.0 54.2 64.0 0.566
Education level (% at least some college) 72.0 66.6 52.1 62.5 0.219
Waist circumference (in) 35.6±4.0 36.9±3.8 37.1±4.5 36.6±3.7 0.578
Weight (kg) 80.3±12.0 83.9±8.9 83.9±14.4 82.3±11.1 0.624
BMI (kg/m2) 30.6±3.5 31.5±3.2 31.0±2.9 32.8±9.8 0.521
  1. s.d.=standard deviation. BMI=body mass index; MR=meal replacement.
  2. aIncludes participants in a marriage-like relationship.