Table 2 Univariate analyses in men and women showing change as ratio (95% CI) in CRP related to change in anthropometric measures, blood pressure, metabolic cardiovascular risk factors, smoking, adult SES, health problems and hormonal contraceptive use

From: Association between C-reactive protein, metabolic cardiovascular risk factors, obesity and oral contraceptive use in young adults

  Males Females  
Parameter change (units) Change (95% CI) Change (95% CI) P a
BMI (1 kg/m2) 1.04 (1.02, 1.06) 1.07 (1.06,1.09) 0.011
Waist circumference (1 cm) 1.02 (1.01, 1.03) 1.03 (1.02, 1.04) 0.007
Systolic blood pressure (10 mmHg) 0.96 (0.89, 1.03) 1.19 (1.09, 1.31) 0.000
Diastolic blood pressure (10 mmHg) 1.02 (0.95, 1.10) 1.05 (0.95, 1.17) 0.675
Total cholesterol (1 mmol/l) 1.04 (0.97, 1.12) 1.20 (1.11, 1.31) 0.011
Triglycerides (1 mmol/l) 1.07 (1.01, 1.13) 1.27 (1.14, 1.41) 0.006
HDL cholesterol (1 mmol/l) 0.59 (0.46, 0.75) 0.78 (0.64, 0.97) 0.072
Apolipoprotein A1 (0.1 g/l) 0.93 (0.90, 0.97) 1.03 (1.01, 1.07) 0.000
Apolipoprotein B (0.1 g/l) 1.04 (1.01, 1.08) 1.12 (1.08, 1.16) 0.005
Smokers 1.05 (0.90, 1.23) 0.98 (0.83, 1.16) 0.559
Low SES (5 or 6) 1.07 (0.91, 1.25) 0.88 (0.72, 1.09) 0.163
Health problems (2 or more) 1.15 (0.84, 1.57) 0.80 (0.65, 0.99) 0.057
Combined oral contraceptive use   1.61 (1.34,1.94)  
Progestogen only contraceptive use   0.87 (0.63, 1.21)  
  1. aSignificance of sex-interaction term in regression analysis.